Le Fléau (ou Fléau Mort-vivant et Armée du Fléau) est une des trois factions mortes-vivantes principales d'Azeroth (avec les Réprouvés et les Chevaliers de la Lame d'Ébène). Jusqu'à récemment, c'était un groupe qui était parmi les plus probables à contrôler le monde. Il a été initialement créé pour préparer l'invasion de la Légion ardente, mais le Fléau s'est libéré de ses maîtres démoniaques et sous le contrôle de fer du Roi Liche, a développé sa puissance sur le continent arctique du Norfendre. Son influence s'étend sur tout le Norfendre mais aussi sur les Maleterres dans le Nord de Lordaeron et au Sud de Quel'Thalas, et même légèrement sur Kalimdor. Un ennemi terrifiant, le Fléau, avant sa chute, était probablement l'une des plus grandes menaces pour Azeroth.
Une Pierre du Fléau est un objet donné à tous les membres du Fléau lors de leur naissance ou création. Elle leur confère certains bénéfices, mais surtout permet aux dirigeants du Fléau d'avoir une vision de la localisation et des mouvements de leurs unités.  Il est à noter qu'avec le terme "naissance", le Le Gardien d'Ébène évoque les nécromanciens et autres sorciers employant la magie noire qui sont nés vivants dans les rangs du Fléau mais qui devinrent progressivement des morts-vivants, sans jamais réellement mourir.
- 1 Histoire
- 2 Organisation
- 3 Anciens serviteurs notables
- 4 Ancienne structure de commandement
- 5 Organisations
- 6 Dans le RPG
- 7 Références
- 8 Liens externes
Histoire[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Création[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
The Burning Legion had experimented with the undead for at least ten thousand years, with the first hint of the Scourge's creation being an experiment by the nathrezim to raise undead night elves in the ruins of Suramar during the War of the Ancients.
The Scourge was (and still is) a vast army of the undead serving the Lich King — the being formerly known as the orc shaman Ner'zhul. Under the control of the Burning Legion, the Scourge's mission was to spread terror and destruction across the world in anticipation of the Legion's inevitable invasion. A mission that was almost undone before it even began when the nerubians attacked and began the War of the Spider, however the conflict ultimately ended with the Lich King's first major triumph (while the nerubians were immune to the plague, their corpses could still be reanimated). The Lich King was impressed by his enemy, however, and adopted nerubian architecture for his own, as a testament to the spider lords' tenacity and age.
The Lich King, now uncontested in the ice realm of Northrend where he ruled from the Frozen Throne, unleashed the terrible Plague of Undeath southward into human lands. As the plague encroached on the southlands, countless humans fell prey to Ner'zhul's mental control and life-draining sickness every day. With the help of Kel'thuzad and the Cult of the Damned the plague was spread. Many of Lordaeron's northern villages were contaminated almost immediately. Just as in Northrend, the citizens who contracted the plague died and arose as the Lich King's willing slaves. The cultists under Kel'Thuzad were eager to die and be raised again in their dark lord's service. They exulted in the prospect of immortality through undeath. As the plague spread, more and more feral zombies arose in the northlands. Kel'Thuzad looked upon the Lich King's growing army and named it the Scourge, for soon it would march upon the gates of Lordaeron and scour humanity from the face of the world.
Règne du Chaos[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Though Ner'zhul and his Undead Scourge were bound to the will of the Burning Legion, the Lich King constantly strove to free himself and gain vengeance upon the demons for dismembering his body and damning him so completely. To this end he sought a champion to carry out his will and decided that Prince Arthas Menethil would be the perfect choice. During the Scourge Invasion of Lordaeron Arthas became increasingly enraged at the devastation the undead caused and sought to end their threat by any means necessary. This would led the young prince to Northrend, the roof of the world, where he would obtain the runeblade Frostmourne and kill Mal'Ganis, who he had thought was in command of the Scourge. It was there that the whispers of the Lich King guided Arthas into becoming Ner'zhul's champion and the greatest of his Death Knights.
Arthas, now the champion of the Scourge, returned to Lordaeron, where he killed his own father and rallied the Cult of the Damned to his banner. The Scourge then preceded to destroy what was left of Lordaeron and ended the life of Uther the Lightbringer as well as ravaging the ancient elven kingdom of Quel'Thalas and defiling the Sunwell, using it to resurrect the necromancer Kel'Thuzad into a Lich. With Kel'Thuzad once more among them the Scourge moved forward to destroy the magi-city of Dalaran and claim the Book of Medivh, the result of which was the summoning of the demon lord Archimonde into the world, as well as Dalaran's destruction. It was at this point that Archimonde ordered that the Scourge be commanded by the Dreadlords; however, in his arrogance and haste to claim the World Tree as his own, Archimonde forgot to return control of the Lich King to Kil'jaeden, a move that Ner'zhul took advantage of.
Shortly before the Battle of Mount Hyjal, Ner'zhul engineered the downfall of the Legion by having his lieutenant, Arthas Menethil, alert the Demon Hunter Illidan Stormrage to the presence of the Legion in Felwood. Illidan's attack on the demons there brought about the death of Tichondrius and the destruction of the Skull of Gul'dan, which greatly weakened the Legion and made it possible for the Alliance, Horde, and Night Elf forces to stop Archimonde during the Battle of Mount Hyjal. It was at this point that Ner'zhul was finally capable of making his bid for freedom, effectively cutting all ties to the remaining demons as well as the remaining demon lord, Kil'jaeden. Such a move inspired Kil'jaeden to incredible heights of anger, and it was now the demon's turn to lust after vengeance. But, thanks to the Legion's defeat, Kil'jaeden was stripped of his capacity to simply bring about swift destruction, and was forced to use more subtle methods to dispose of his rebellious creation.
Le Trône de Glace[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Shortly after the Battle of Mount Hyjal, Kil'jaeden contacted Illidan Stormrage with an offer too tempting for the Demon Hunter to refuse: Slay the Lich King and be granted the awesome power of a demon lord. Gathering his once-Highborne allies, the Naga, Illidan traveled to the Tomb of Sargeras and began weaving a massive spell targeting the Frozen Throne using the Eye of Sargeras. However, the spell was interrupted at the eleventh hour by Illidan's brother Malfurion Stormrage, Maiev Shadowsong, and Prince Kael'thas Sunstrider. Though the spell was not completed, enough potent fel energy had been siphoned to cause a fracture in the Lich King's icy prison. This caused Ner'zhul's powers to weaken, especially his control of his undead. It was during this time that a large band of undead, led by Sylvanas Windrunner, regained their free will and left the Scourge and named themselves the Forsaken. Desperate, Ner'zhul contacted Arthas, the greatest of his Death Knights, by telepathy and commanded him to return to Icecrown Citadel at once.
However, this matter was complicated by Kil'jaeden once again. Growing impatient with Illidan's failures, the demon lord instructed him, with his allies the Naga and newly named blood elves, to travel to Northrend and put an end to the Lich King personally. Arthas's undead forces battled Illidan's army at the base of the glacier, the aftermath of which left Illidan wounded and his troops broken. Arthas, victorious, proceeded into the Lich King's throne chamber where he used the runeblade Frostmourne to shatter the Frozen Throne and free the essence of Ner'zhul. The spirit of the Orcish shaman then bonded with Arthas and they became one of the most powerful beings the world had ever known.
World of Warcraft[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Le contenu de cette section est exclusif à World of Warcraft.
The Scourge was primarily concentrated in the Plaguelands. Their primary fortification and "capital" in Lordaeron was the ruined city of Stratholme, under the rule of Baron Rivendare. The Scourge controlled the majority of the city, but the humans of the Scarlet Crusade held a small section. The Scourge has also been seen in Tirisfal Glades and Silverpine Forest in Lordaeron.
The Scourge is also reported to have a presence as far away as the Barrens in Kalimdor; The lich Amnennar the Coldbringer and his forces participated in the Scourge's assault on Mount Hyjal during the Third War. Afterward, the Lich King instructed his servant to remain in Kalimdor and expand the Scourge's influence, and so Amnennar began plans to create a base from which to strike at Orgrimmar and Theramore. To that end, Amnennar has set his sights on recruiting the recently displaced and desperate quilboar people, promising them power over death so they can repel invaders in their lands.
The necromancer-lich Kel'Thuzad, the majordomo of the Lich King, once controlled the Scourge in Lordaeron from his citadel of Naxxramas, floating over Stratholme and Plaguewood in the Eastern Plaguelands, but Kel'Thuzad recently retreated along with his floating fortress and returned to Northrend, in order to combat the forces of Dalaran and the combined might of the Alliance and the Horde.
The Burning Crusade[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Le contenu de cette section est exclusif à The Burning Crusade.
The Scourge appeared many times in the blood elven lands of Quel'Thalas, mostly on the tainted land known as the Dead Scar. The high elf traitor Dar'Khan Drathir, slain during the Third War, ruled the Scourge in Quel'Thalas from the fortress of Deatholme until he was eventually slain by blood elf and Forsaken forces. A few members of the Scourge were seen fighting the Burning Legion on Quel'Danas
Wrath of the Lich King[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Le contenu de cette section est exclusif à Wrath of the Lich King.
After the merging of Arthas and Ner'zhul, the Lich King entered a period of dormancy as he slept and dreamed atop the Frozen Throne. In the meantime, his minions rebuilt Icecrown Citadel as he made his plans for conquest of all of Azeroth. Finally, after several years, the Lich King awoke and unleashed his attack on the unsuspecting world. The forces of both the Alliance and Horde then arrived in Northrend to confront the Scourge on its home soil, until at last they were prepared for a final assault on Icecrown. After facing a gauntlet of the Scourge's most powerful leaders, the greatest champions were able to reach the Frozen Throne to confront the Lich King himself. In the epic battle that ensued, Tirion Fordring used the sword Ashbringer to shatter Frostmourne, releasing the spirits within that then aided the champions as they sent Arthas to his demise. This did not mean then end of the Scourge, however, as the spirits of both Uther the Lightbringer and King Terenas Menethil II had warned that without anyone to control it, the Scourge would be free to destroy the world. As Fordring contemplated placing the crown upon his head (thinking there was no one else who could accept such a burden) the disfigured Bolvar Fordragon appeared and stated that it was his fate to be the Jailer of the Damned. In addition, he said that the world must be told that both he and the Lich King were dead and never know the truth about what had really happened if it was to live free from the tyranny of fear. Fordring then reluctantly crowned Fordragon as the new Lich King, and moments later ice imprisoned the Lich King once more.
Cataclysm[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Le contenu de cette section est exclusif à Cataclysm.
By the time of the Cataclysm, the Scourge is little more than a shell of its former power in Lordaeron. The Lich King is dead, the Scourge command structure all but wiped out, and the remaining legions of undead held in check by Bolvar's sacrifice.
Becoming the new Lich King has been a difficult transition for Bolvar and he needs a bit of time to reign in the Scourge. Though the Scourge in Northrend are asleep, the Scourge and Cult of the Damned operating in the Plaguelands are autonomous. There are still sizable Scourge forces in the Plaguelands of Lordaeron who continue to serve their now-dead master. The island fortress of Caer Darrow, home of the Scholomance, is the major Scourge holdout west of the Thondroril River, and their forces can also be found in Andorhal.
Some former servants of the Scourge have found their way into the ranks of the Forsaken. The val'kyr, the winged harbingers of the Lich King, were brought into Sylvanas' fold after the Lich King's demise; the Banshee Queen used their necromantic powers to solve the problem of her people's limited numbers by raising their slain mortal enemies as Forsaken.
After the Shattering, both the Alliance and the Forsaken started making major efforts to expel the Scourge from Andorhal. The ruined city became a warzone between the Alliance under the command of Thassarian, and the Forsaken under the command of Koltira Deathweaver. Araj the Summoner led what remains of the Lich King's forces in Andorhal, their power diminished by the death of their lord. This major conflict in this war effort came to be known as the Battle for Andorhal. The combined forces relentlessly slaughtered these Scourge and ultimately destroyed Araj.
Legion[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Le contenu de cette section est exclusif à Legion.
Suite au retour de la Légion ardente dans les Îles Brisées, Bolvar le Roi Liche a formé un pacte avec les Chevaliers de la Lame d'Ébène, pour que les chevaliers de la mort d'Achérus agissent encore une fois en son nom si le Fléau reste confiné en Norfendre. Avec cet accord, le Roi Liche offre son aide à la Lame d'Ébène pour obtenir de puissants artéfacts à utiliser contre la Légion. Achérus se déplace alors brièvement au dessus de la Citadelle de la Couronne de Glace, où le champion de la Lam d'Ébène récupère des fragments de Deuillegivre qu'il utilise pour forger les de puissantes nouvelles armes, et dirige les autres champions vers l'obtention d'autres armes similaires. Une fois les artefacts trouvés, le Roi Liche offre sa bénédiction aux champions, dont les ordres doivent être suivis comme s'ils étaient ceux du Roi Liche.
Shadowlands[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Cette section concerne du contenu relatif à Shadowlands.
Après la défaite du Roi Liche aux mains de Sylvanas Coursevent, comme ce fut annoncé des années auparavant par le Roi Terenas, le Fléau désormais sans maître commence à vagabonder en Azeroth. Proche d'une nouvelle guerre brutale, les forces d'Azeroth vont devoir contre-attaquer et détruire la source à la Citadelle de la Couronne de Glace.
Organisation[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Prior to Arthas' defeat, he was at the top of the organization as the Lich King, who sent orders from his ice fortress in Northrend. His direct underlings were liches, undead mages and necromancers with incredible power to spread plague and command undead armies. It is unknown how many liches there were, but Arthas's right-hand lich was Kel'Thuzad, who reigned in Lordaeron and had his hands full fighting the Scarlet Crusade and the Forsaken, the undead who broke free from the control of the Lich King. Kel'Thuzad contained the fight against the Horde and Alliance in Northrend when Naxxramas moved to the Dragonblight prior to his final defeat (or his presumed defeat, as his phylactery was nowhere to be seen after his death). The banshees under his command often led scouting troops to discover new areas to infiltrate, while other important Scourge members included necromancers, responsible for raising and commanding the dead, and the Cult of the Damned, a bizarre group of mortals so fascinated by the undead that they follow them, worship them, even emulate them, hoping to one day be damned as the undead are. They don’t see the foulness and evil, but rather power and eternal life.
Most of the undead reported to a region's leadership of necromancers or liches, who in turn reported to Kel'Thuzad. He reported pertinent information to Arthas. The rogue undead, the Forsaken, were wild cards: the Lich King lost much of his power over the undead before merging with Arthas Menethil. This allowed one of the more powerful banshees, Sylvanas Windrunner, to escape his hold. She freed many more undead creatures, and currently leads the Forsaken from her tunnel complex underneath the former capital city of Lordaeron. While they are not part of the Scourge and do not fall into the Scourge organization, they work along roughly the same lines — kill or otherwise eliminate those that oppose them and dominate the undead. He had many plans for Azeroth, so he couldn't focus entirely on Sylvanas and devote much of his time to 'reclaiming' the Forsaken. A thing to note about the Scourge was that the further from a lich or a necromancer the weaker undead got, the more disoriented they were. They lost the command of the Lich King, but they didn't necessarily become free. Once the will of the necromancer or other controlling force left them, they had no memory of their former selves, and they shuffled around as mindless husks, searching for someone to lead them.
Arthas led the Scourge in Northrend from the Frozen Throne, completely dominating Icecrown. The Scourge's secondary base was the continent of Lordaeron, in the city of Stratholme, Arthas's first conquest. It was a bustling city of 25,000 people, and now it lies in burning ruin. There are few remaining mortals there, except for those of the Cult of the Damned and the Scarlet Crusade. Lordaeron's northern and eastern areas are practically abysmal with the Scourge. Their foul stench permeates the air. Yet the Scourge has reached all areas of the world, dripping down through Khaz Modan and into Azeroth, and even west to Razorfen Downs Kalimdor. Arthas wanted his finger on everything happening in the world, and he had the forces to do it.
With Arthas' defeat and Fordragon's ascendancy as the new Lich King, it is unknown what the new command structure of the Scourge is or will be in the future. Of particular interest is what will happen with the Cult of the Damned and how they will react to the new Lich King, or if they are even yet aware of the change in leadership.
Anciens serviteurs notables[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Sylvanas Coursevent - Autrefois le Ranger-Général de Lune-d'argent, avant d'être tuée et ressuscité par le Prince Arthas lui-même et de devenir la première banshee haut elfe. Elle servit comme l'un des principaux généraux d'Arthas, jusqu'à ce qu'elle réussise à se libérer du contrôle du Roi Liche avec d'autres banshees. Elle créa alors les fondations de ce qui devint par la suite les Réprouvés.
Alexandros Mograine - Autrefois un paladin célèbre, connu comme le Porte-cendres. Il fut tué par son fils, Renault, et fut ressuscité par Kel'Thuzad en tant que chevalier de la mort. Son âme fut plus tard sauvé par son fils, Darion.
Darion Mograine - Autrefois un membre de l'Aube d'Argent, puis un serviteur de haut-rang du Roi Liche. Mograine et ses chevaliers de la mort se libérèrent de l'influence du Roi Liche et devinrent les Chevaliers de la Lame d'Ébène, et se dédièrent à la défaite du Fléau.
Ancienne structure de commandement[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
- Roi Liche ( Arthas Menethil)
- Kel'Thuzad (Second du Roi Liche et Maître de Naxxramas)
- Dame Murmemort
- Dar'Khan Drathir
- Thel'zan le Portebrune (Commandant des forces du Fléau attaquant le Donjon de Garde-Hiver)
- Instructeur Razuvious
- Salanar le Cavalier
- Sous-roi Talonox (Dirigeant de Fléaulme)
- Araj l'Invoquateur (Dirigeant des ruines d'Andorhal)
- Ras Murmegivre (Dirigeant de la Scholomance)
- Sombre Maître Gandling (Dirigeant de la Scholomance)
- Le Recousu
- Capitaine Dargol (Dirigeant du Fléau aux Moulins d'Agamand)
- Devlin Agamand
- Anub'arak (dirigeant des ruines d'Azjol-Nerub)
- Seigneur du Fléau Tyrannus (Dirigeant de la Fosse de Saron)
- Bronjahm (Parrain des Âmes)
- Artruis le Sans-Cœur (Dirigeant dans le Bassin de Sholazar)
- Eydis Plaie-Sombre / Fjola Plaie-Lumineuse
- Seigneur-liche Frisshiver (Commandant de Talramas)
- Seigneur Gargamoelle (Commandant des défenses de la Citadelle de la Couronne de Glace)
- Grand Nécro-Seigneur Antiok (Le Grand Nécro-Seigneur du Fléau)
- Rothin le Putréfié (Réanimateur en chef dans le Sanctuaire draconique Obsidien)
- Amnennar le Porte-Froid (Dirigeant des Souilles de Tranchebauge)
- Reine de sang Lana'thel (Reine de sang des San'layns)
- Kel'Thuzad (Second du Roi Liche et Maître de Naxxramas)
Après la Chute du Roi Liche[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Avec la plupart des commandants d'Arthas décédés, et son désire d'un Fléau plus passif, le commandement associé à Bolvar, s'il existe, n'est pas clair. Il est cependant noté que tous les postes du Fléau en Azeroth qui continuent à être une menace sont dirigés par le Culte des Damnés, dont les membres avaient gardé leurs volontés y compris lors de leurs services du Fléau.
Organisations[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
- Ahn'kahar - Nérubiens morts-vivants qui peuvent être trouvés à Ahn'kahet.
- Anub'ar - Un groupe de nérubiens morts-vivants, localisé autour du Village de Brume-glace et dans Azjol-Nerub.
- Hath'ar - Nérubiens morts-vivants localisés à Zul'Drak.
- Nerub'ar - Nérubiens morts-vivants qui attaquent le Donjon de la Bravoure.
- Garde d'os - Un groupe de membres du Fléau localisé dans la Cour des Os.
- Wyrm de givre - Wyrms de givre d'élite ressuscité à partir d'ossements de dragons bleus à la Chute de Sindragosa. Ces wyrms de givre sont désormais une des armes les plus puissantes du Fléau.
- Vol draconique pestiféré - Le Culte des Damnés a commencé à élever un vol draconique pestiféré au sein de Scholomance comme une autre moyen de disséminer la Peste de Non-mort.
- Les San'layn - Une faction d'elfes de sang morts-vivants, dirigée par un groupe de 'princes vampiriques elfes de sang' qui possèdent des positions élevées au sein du Fléau. Les San'layn ont été créés après qu'Arthas ait pris à son service les plus puissantes des forces brisées de Kael'thas Haut-Soleil.
- Ymirjar - The elite warrior caste of the Lich King, the victorious vrykul in the battle of ascendance at Jotunheim. They inhabit the city of Ymirheim in the center of Icecrown.
- Cult of the Damned - An organization of the living beings who serve the Lich King. Members are mostly Human, but including all races. The Cult was formed during the opening days of the Third War, when the Scourge was loyal to the Burning Legion, and establishing its foothold on Lordaeron.
- Death knights of Acherus - A death knight order under the command of the Lich King, specifically trained for destroying the Scarlet Crusade and the Argent Dawn. The necropolis Acherus is their base.
- Dragonflayer clan - A vrykul clan under the control of the slumbering King Ymiron. They have taken up residence in Utgarde Keep.
- Drakuru trolls - A small group of hostile scourge trolls found in Zul'Drak. They are led by Overlord Drakuru.
- Rot Hide tribe - Withered creatures that, like many other creatures in northern Lordaeron, were unable to escape the Lich King's Plague. Now a number of them serve as undead minions to the Scourge.
- Valkyrion - A vrykul settlement located in the western area of the Storm Peaks. The frost vrykul of Brunnhildar Village hate them for becoming the Lich King's servants. The Blighted Pool can be found here, where proto-drake eggs are corrupted by hyldnir of Valkyrion.
- Winterskorn clan - A tribe of vrykul that live in Skorn and Baleheim in Howling Fjord of Northrend. They are led by Bjorn Halgurdsson.
- Wolfcult - A mysterious organization that is predominantly found in the Grizzly Hills of southern Northrend. It is led by none other than the Shade of Arugal, who had previously adopted the worgen of Silverpine Forest in northern Lordaeron as his children.
- Undead Ravagers
Dans le RPG[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Le contenu de cette section est exclusif au RPG Warcraft et ne constitue pas une référence.
There was suspicion that an agent of the Scourge may have influenced Zalazane in his necromantic endeavors. The followers of Zalazane even eventually managed to create greater undead such as abominations.
Fléau monstrueux[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
Some creatures of the Scourge are not technically undead, but instead are monstrous constructions created by the science and magical experimentation of the acolytes and necromancers following Ner'zhul. These are constructed creatures fashioned by the perverse experimentation of the Lich King's followers and do not occur in any natural fashion.
Monstrous members of the Scourge are not particularly intelligent, having been created from the leftover pieces of enemies and friends alike. They are, however, very loyal and almost fanatically devoted to whatever task is appointed to them. These creatures are not truly individuals, having little will of their own other than that given to them on creation or through the current descriptions given in their orders.
Membres[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
The members of the Scourge are easy to spot, smell and identify. And it doesn't take much to join. All it takes is to either love the Scourge or be undead and under the Lich King's spell, and you're in. One does not need to do much to be in this organization. Some of the first members were mortals who had fallen in the undead plague. People sickened from the plague and died, only to rise as zombies. This city-razing technique proved to be not as efficient as the Lich King desired, apparently, because he started telling his necromancers to desecrate graveyards and raise up even more members. Only two things seem to separate a Scourge servitor from the Lich King's will: whatever faltering in the Lich King's power allowed the Forsaken to free themselves from his grasp, and destruction of their bodies. Scourge creatures are bidden to do the Lich King's will, and they do this with a blind fervor. The Cult of the Damned is an enigma. No one knows why they do what they do. Whatever the reason, they willfully follow the Scourge, dressing in dark robes, doing their bidding, while helping to spread the plague into more and more cities.
Références[modifier | modifier le wikicode]
- Proof of Demise: King Ymiron
- Warcraft 3
- War of the Ancients Trilogy
- A New Plague (quest)
- A Recipe For Death
- La Pierre du Fléau
- The Demon Soul, chapter fourteen
- War of the Spider
- Kel'Thuzad and the Forming of the Scourge
- Amnennar the Coldbringer: Dungeon Journal
- BlizzCon 2011 Lore Q&A
- Life's a Lich
- Blizzard Entertainment 2019-11-01. World of Warcraft: What’s Next Panel Recap. Consulté le 2019-11-02.
- Lands of Conflict, pg. 95
- Lands of Mystery, pg. 34
- Lands of Mystery, pg. 35
- Lands of Mystery, pg. 36
- Manual of Monsters, pg. 132-133
- Lands of Mystery, pg. 188