Tauren

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Cet article traite le lore des taurens. Pour la race jouable de tauren de Kalimdor, voir Tauren (jouable). For la race jouable de tauren de Haut-Roc, see Tauren de Haut-Roc (jouable). For autres utilisations, see Tauren (désambiguïsation).
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Tauren
Glowei Baine Bloodhoof.jpg
Faction/AffiliationHorde, Tribu Totem-Sinistre, Cercle Cénarien, Cercle Terrestre, Marteau du Crépuscule, Indépendant
Classes de personnageWoW Icon 16x16.gif Chaman, Chasseur, Chevalier de la mort, Druide, Guerrier, Moine, Paladin, Prêtre

Maître des bêtes, Chef, Soigneur, Primal, Eclaireur, Marcheur d'esprit
Modèle:Wc3-inline Guerrier

The RPG Icon 16x36.png Barbare, Holy strider, Ley walker, Plagueshifter, Maître-rune, Esprit champion, Wilderness stalker
Capitale racialeHorde Pitons-du-Tonnerre
Neutre Darkcloud Pinnacle
Chef(s)Horde IconSmall Baine.gif Baine Sabot-de-Sang
Horde IconSmall Grimtotem Male.gif Jevan Totem-Sinistre
Neutre IconSmall Magatha.gif Magatha Totem-Sinistre
Monture racialeIconSmall Kodo.gif Kodo
IconSmall Wyvern2.gif Wyvern
Monde d'origineAzeroth
Zone(s)Kalimdor, Norfendre, Pandarie, Iles Brisées
Langue(s) principale(s)Taur-ahe, Orc, Commun
Organisation(s)Clans, tribus

Les Taurens (shu'halo dans leur langue native, le Taur-ahe)[1] sont une race de grand humanoïdes bovins qui habitent les grandes plaines du Centre de Kalimdor. De nombreuses générations furent harcelées par des centaures, qui forcèrent les taurens à adopter un mode de vie nomade dans les Tarides. Cependant, lors de la Troisième Guerre et de l'invasion de la Horde, les taurens s'allièrent à la Horde pour envahir Kalimdor. La Horde aida ainsi les taurens à repousser les centaures de Mulgore, leur terre sacrée. Le Grand Chef Cairne Sabot-de-Sang établit ensuite leur capitale aux Pitons-du-Tonnerre. A ce jour, les taurens restent parmi les plus loyaux à la Horde, même après la mort de Cairne et l'ascension de son fils, Baine Sabot-de-Sang.

Malgré leur énorme taille, les taurens sont un peuple pacifique et honorable, mais sont également des féroces combattants lorsqu'ils sont provoqués. Dans leur culture, la chasse et le chamanisme sont des pratiques importante. Ils vénèrent en effet la Terre Mère et respectent ainsi la terre et la nature. [2]

Histoire[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Origines et histoire précoce[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

L'explorateur nain Brann Barbe-de-bronze pense que les taurens descendent d'un Ancient taureau inconnu ou d'un esprit animal du Rêve d'émeraude.[3]

Les taurens sont les descendants d'une race bovine connue sous le nom de yaungol. Plusieurs millénaires après la Première Guerre, les yaungol habitaient le centre de Kalimdor et vivaient en paix avec le demi-dieu Cénarius. Cependant, ils durent partir vers le sud car ils ne voulaient pas partager leur terrains de chasse avec les trolls. A ce moment, les yaungol furent réduits en esclavage par les Mogu et furent déformés par les façonneurs de chair mogu. Même s'ils regagnèrent leur liberté avec les autres races esclaves lors de la révolte pandaren, la plupart de leurs anciennes coutumes furent perdues. Des conflits poussèrent de nombreux yaungols à retourner vers le Nord. Alors qu'un groupe alla dans le grand Nord vers les Pics Foudroyés, où ils prirent le nom de taunka, un autre groupe s'installa aux alentours du Puits d'éternité. Ces derniers rénouèrent alors avec Cénarius et redécouvrirent leurs anciennes traditions. Ceux qui étudièrent avec Cénarius apprirent la magie druidique du monde naturel, alors que d'autres apprirent le chamanisme. L'énergie du Puits commença alors à changer ces yaungols en une autre race, qui prendra par la suite le nom de "tauren". Les taunkas, taurens et yaungols gardèrent des contacts pendant longtemps, jusqu'à la grande fracture qui romput les connections entre les tribus.[4]

Guerre des Anciens[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Huln Haut-Roc, chef des tribus unies de taurens lors de la Guerre des Anciens.

A l'origine les taurens ne participèrent pas à la guerre des anciens, la guerre qui eut lieu dans la Légion ardente envahit Azeroth (monde) environ 10000 ans avant la Première Guerre. Cependant, dans l'histoire alternative créée par l'intervention de Krasus et ses companions, les taurens rejoignirent l'alliance contre la Légion Ardente. Ils furent convaincus par les mages-dragons et les tribus furent dirigées par Huln Haut-Roc, qui brandissait la lance aigle. Le commandant elfe de la nuit xénophobe Desdel Stareye, refusa que les taurens se battent à leur maximum (c'est-à-dire avec des armes de mélées) de peur qu'ils tuent autant d'elfes de la nuit et de terrestres que de démons. Après la perte "tragique" de ce commandant, les taurens furent redéployés avec une efficacité maximale par son remplaçant. Les taurens qui survécurent à la guerre gardèrent des relations assez bonne, ou tout du moins cordiales, avec les Sentinelles.

Suite à la bénédiction de Cénarius, les taurens sous le direction de Huln acquérirent les Cornes d'Eche'ro, des bois d'élans. Après la guerre, ces tribus ont renommé leur région Haut-Roc en honneur de l'héroïsme de Huln au cours de la guerre.[5]

L'apogée des centaures[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

1,100 years before the opening of the Dark Portal, the tauren wandered Kalimdor's forests and plains, living in harmony with nature. One region in particular was especially sacred: the verdant grassland of Mashan'she, or "Loom of the Earth Mother". Drawn by faint elemental whisperings, the tauren became convinced that somewhere beneath the meadows, the Earth Mother herself dwelled. After decades of attempting to rouse her from her slumber, the tauren shaman eventually succeeded, but to their horror they realized that what they had awakened was not the benevolent Earth Mother, but the enormous earth elemental Princess Theradras, daughter of Therazane the Stonemother. The newly awakened Theradras reached out to the verdant surroundings for sustenance and consumed their energies in order to regenerate her weakened form. The tauren would later name this now barren land "Desolace".[6]

The sudden monumental loss of life sent ripples throughout all of Azeroth and even the Emerald Dream. Zaetar, son of the forestlord Cenarius, traveled to Desolace to investigate, but though he had decided to imprison Theradras, he instead fell in love with her. Theradras requited Zaetar's affection, and the two became mates. From this forbidden and unnatural union, the centaur were born. After having brutally murder their father, the half-horse creatures quickly proliferated and spread out across Kalimdor, driving the tauren of Desolace from their homes and igniting a long and dark period of war that would come to last for many centuries.[6]

For countless generations, the tauren roamed the plains of the Barrens hunting the mighty kodo, and sought the wisdom of their eternal goddess, the Earth Mother. Their tent settlements were scattered across the landscape and changed with the seasons and the weather. The wandering tribes were united only by a common hatred for their sworn enemy, the marauding centaur.[7] The centaur hunted the tauren for sport and launched intermittent attacks on their foes, taking a heavy toll on both sides. The tauren did not shy away from combat and made the centaur pay for every unprovoked attack, but they had no love for war and always opted to find a new home rather than throw their lives away whenever the horse men appeared. As such, the tauren lived in a constant state of upheaval, and a year of peace was always followed by a year of war. The shu'halo accepted this cycle of conflict as inescapable as it was the only life they knew, but that would eventually change.[2]

The Earthen Ring was originally founded by tauren shaman some time before the War of the Three Hammers to lead their people with wisdom and maintain the harmony between the elemental spirits.[8]

La troisième guerre et la Horde[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

WC3RoC logo 16x32.png Le contenu de cette section est exclusif à Warcraft III.

The mighty tauren of the Kalimdor plains have pledged their allegiance to the new Horde out of respect for their courage and honor. The bold Tauren seek only to safeguard their quiet culture from the deathly fires of the Burning Legion. When roused, tauren are fierce fighters and use their flails, horns and their mighty totems to smash their enemies into the dust of the plains.[9]

At the brink of extinction, the chieftain Cairne Bloodhoof, desperate for help, turned to the strange green-skinned warriors from over the sea. Cairne quickly befriended Warchief Thrall and the other orcs, and recognized that they shared a love for honor and battle. For their part, the orcs and the Darkspear trolls that composed the Horde found much in common with the tauren. Each of these races wanted to achieve a more shamanistic culture, and the tauren, long versed in the lore of spirit and nature, were well-prepared to provide counsel and support to the budding shamanism within the Horde.

With the orcs' help, Cairne and his Bloodhoof tribe were able to drive back the centaur and claim the grasslands of Mulgore for themselves. For the first time in millennia, the tauren had a land to call their own. For this alone they were forever indebted to their orcish allies. Upon the windswept mesa of Thunder Bluff, Cairne built a refuge for his people, where tauren of every tribe were welcome.

Owing a blood-debt to the orcs for their assistance, the tauren joined Thrall on Mount Hyjal to defend Kalimdor from an invasion by the demonic Burning Legion. Following the Legion's defeat, the tauren who helped defend Hyjal returned to their new home in Mulgore.[7]

Over time the scattered tauren tribes united under Cairne's rule. There were but a few tribes who disagreed about the direction their new nation should take, but all agreed that Cairne was the wisest and best suited to lead them toward the future. Helping the mighty Cairne in the duties of ruling his race were the Archdruid Hamuul Runetotem and the elder crone Magatha Grimtotem.

Although the tauren had reclaimed their lands and battled alongside the Horde, not all was peaceful. The Grimtotem tribe tried to usurp the rule of Cairne, plotting to overthrow his leadership. In Mulgore, they had problems with the Bristleback quilboar. At the same time, the Emerald Dream, realm of the green dragonflight, was tainted with a strange evil. Malfurion Stormrage was trapped inside, and the green dragons acted strangely as they attacked all who passed near. Both elven and tauren druids were researching these events since the Emerald Dream, home of Ysera the Dreamer (the Green Aspect), had to be be kept safe.

Several tauren individuals have joined the organizations like the Twilight's Hammer cult and the Shadow Council.

Cataclysm[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Cataclysm Le contenu de cette section est exclusif à Cataclysm.

High Chieftain Baine Bloodhoof.

When a peaceful meeting between tauren and night elf druids was sabotaged by Twilight's Hammer cultists posing as members of the Horde, Cairne mistakenly thought that the new Warchief, Garrosh Hellscream, was responsible. As a result, Cairne challenged Garrosh to a mak'gora for the title of Warchief. The duel ended in Cairne's death, as the treacherous Magatha Grimtotem poisoned Garrosh's axe, Gorehowl. After Cairne's death, the Grimtotem quickly seized control of Thunder Bluff and other major tauren settlements. Cairne's son, Baine Bloodhoof became High Chieftain of the tauren and led an attack against the Grimtotem, retaking Thunder Bluff. He then banished the Grimtotem to Stonetalon Mountains.

Despite their banishment, Grimtotem forces were able to corrupt several water wells within Mulgore, but their efforts were stopped by tauren adventurers and Baine personally killed Orno Grimtotem, the leader of the Grimtotem forces invading Mulgore. The Grimtotem, hunted by the Horde, were forced into an uneasy truce with the Alliance in Stonetalon Mountains, the likes of which was broken shortly after.

Within Mulgore, the quilboar began attacking tauren caravans. While many tauren and Garrosh Hellscream wished to confront the attackers, Baine looked towards diplomatic measures to find a compromise. Several of the tauren began to express dissatisfaction with Baine's compromising attitude with Garrosh. Viewing his willingness to bow down to every demand made of him as an affront to their peoples' interests, they considered walking away from the Horde. Led by Greyhoof Farwanderer, these tauren prepared to leave both the Horde and Mulgore. When yet another caravan was attacked, Garrosh and his Kor'kron personally assaulted the quilboar, only to be nearly overrun. Baine, Hamuul and the Sunwalkers arrived to relieve the battle and help the orcs escape. Hamuul then demonstrated the power of the Earth Mother to Garrosh as he called upon a river. Baine stood over the defeated quilboar, and instructed them that this river would provide them with all the water they needed - provided that no more attacks were made on the tauren people. The quilboar anxiously returned to their tunnels. Later on, Baine was approached by Greyhoof Farwanderer and the tauren that had prepared to leave Mulgore prior, and having witnessed Baine's victory over the quilboar, apologized for doubting the high chieftain's ability to lead and requested a pardon for this rash action. Baine granted it, and urged them to remain strong and steadfast in these trying times for the good of their people.

When Alliance forces invaded the Barrens, Camp Taurajo was burned to the ground. The survivors fled to Camp Una'fe and Vendetta Point. To protect Mulgore from being invaded, the tauren created a mighty wall named the Great Gate.

Mists of Pandaria[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

MoP Le contenu de cette section est exclusif à Mists of Pandaria.

When the Warchief issued a call for the leaders of the Horde to gather for a meeting in Orgrimmar, Baine answered the summons despite not feeling right within the "new Orgrimmar." Garrosh then informed them of his plan to destroy the Alliance port of Theramore. While Baine and other leaders protested against such a plan, they all agreed in the end. Despite his personal misgivings, Baine ultimately resolves to join Garrosh's cause in an attempt to protect his people. Baine led his tauren forces from the Great Gate and then joined up with Vol'jin and his Darkspear forces. Baine then co-led the combined tauren and Darkspear army as it marched from the Gate to Northwatch Hold, killing any Alliance that got in their way. Baine ordered his forces to attend to the bodies of the fallen. He further ordered that that his people not desecrate any of the fallen Alliance soldiers. After they finally arrived at Theramore, Baine led his tauren in battle. When the battle was won with Theramore's destruction, Baine and the tauren returned to Thunder Bluff.

During a period, Baine and several tauren of Thunder Bluff had dreams of a valley, golden with blossoms, filled with the hope of peace. Baine Bloodhoof ordered Sunwalker Dezco and his Dawnchaser tribe to sail into uncharted waters in search of this mysterious place. Guided by the visions of Dezco's pregnant wife, Leza, the last vessel was able to find Pandaria, and landed on the southern shore of Krasarang Wilds. After heading inland by canoe, the group set up camp at Thunder Cleft. The tribe continued on in their search for weeks until they finally discovered the Vale of Eternal Blossoms. They moved into the vale and settled at the Shrine of Two Moons.

When Vol'jin declared open rebellion against Garrosh, Baine and the tauren pledged their support. The two forces, along with the rest of the Horde and the Alliance, then marched upon Orgrimmar, where Garrosh was ultimately defeated.

Legion[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Legion Le contenu de cette section est exclusif à Legion.

Les taurens aidèrent la Horde lors de la bataille du Rivage Brisé. Mulgore, et notamment les Pitons-du-Tonnerre, furent ciblés par la Légion ardente, lors de leur troisième invasion.[10] Les taurens participèrent aux différents ordres de classes et combattirent contre la Légion sur les Iles Brisées.

Suite à l'invasion démoniaque, les taurens se réunirent avec les Taurens de Haut-Roc et leur fit rejoindre la Horde.

Battle for Azeroth[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Battle for Azeroth Cette section concerne du contenu lié à l'extension Battle for Azeroth.

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Culture[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

A tauren hunter.

Modèle:QuoteWiki

The tauren are a noble race that embrace the natural world. They have shed their nomadic roots and united in their ancestral lands.[11] Their race may be one of spirituality, reverence for nature, and respect for elders, but it also possesses powerful warriors that willingly fight when the situation demands it.[12] A calm and steady people,[13] the shu'halo strive to live honorable and dignified lives filled with respect for nature and the Earth Mother. Although strong and capable warriors when roused in battle, most tauren reserve combat for when all other options are exhausted. They prefer course of wise discussion and careful rumination before embarking on any great endeavor,[14] and they have great respect for the wise, spiritual and elderly among their people.[15] The tauren are not wrathful by nature, but sometimes a thirst for justice causes them to take up arms in anger.[16]

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Though the noble tauren are peaceful in nature, the rites of the Great Hunt are venerated as the heart of their spiritual culture. Every tauren, warrior or otherwise, seeks identity as both a hunter and as a child of the Earthmother. Tauren, young or otherwise, seek to prove their bravery by setting themselves against the creatures of the wild.[17] Hunting is a tauren's greatest honor;[18] at times they hunt for food, at times for honor, and at times to earn the Earthmother's teachings.[19] Hunters are important to the tribes as a strong part of tauren tradition and history, and are respected and revered if they serve their people well.[20] Young gazelles quickly learn to flee when they hear the war cries of tauren hunters in Mulgore. They don't hear the good hunters, unfortunately.[21] While mighty warriors defend the tauren's homes, shamans show the ancestors' past and druids discover the Earthmother's will, hunters learn many aspects of those roles and blend them together. They represent the heart of the tauren people, and are looked to for guidance and protection.[22] Despite killing the animals, the tauren are taught never to waste anything given to them by nature and to give back what they can. They learn the fine balance that exists in nature and that if they honor the Earthmother, she will bless them in return.Modèle:Fact

Many tribes claim that it is a gift to be blessed with the aptitude to use magic or to talk to the ancestors, but tauren warriors are taught that they are just as gifted.[23] They are a special breed also, not unlike the druids and shamans, and are just as important. They are the ones called upon to defend the borders, to hunt the centaur, and to go to war. Every warrior plays a role in their tribe, and they must all go through the same rites.[24]

Despite their enormous size and brute strength, the remarkably peaceful tauren cultivate a quiet, tribal society. However, when roused by conflict, tauren are implacable enemies who will use every ounce of their strength to smash their enemies under hoof. They are noble and proud and have never, despite significant adversity in the past, succumbed to their enemies. Like the orcs, the tauren now struggle to retain their sense of tradition and noble identity.Modèle:Fact

Their buildings are called long houses and great tents.Modèle:Fact

Foix[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Haro Setting-Sun, a tauren priest.

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The tauren worship the Earth Mother as their creator. According to the tauren myth Sorrow of the Earthmother, when the Earth Mother saw her children falling to the corrupting whispers from below the earth, (the work of the Old Gods)[25] she tore out her eyes and set them spinning endlessly across the sky. Her left eye became Mu'sha, the moon, and her right eye became An'she, the sun. Neither of both is better than the other, and together they see with balanced vision - they are the tauren's own "Light".[26]

The earliest history of the tauren is recorded in a series of myths. These chronicle the period of time from the creation of the world to the appearance of the centaur, speaking of the creation of the tauren by the Earthmother, their meeting with Cenarius, and the coming of the centaur.

Due to night elven influence, tauren druids long revered only Mu'sha, as Mu'sha is considered to be the tauren equivalent of the kaldorei moon goddess, Elune. During the War against the Lich King, the warrior Aponi Brightmane engaged in theological discussion about this matter with Tahu Sagewind. Aponi pointed out that in all else, the tauren strived for balance, and she wondered if they had neglected a key aspect of balance in all things.[27] As a result of these discussions, following the Cataclysm, the Sunwalkers, an order of tauren paladins, arose, wielding the power of the Light through An'she.

Besides the Earthmother and her two eyes, an entity known as the Sky Father is also worshipped.[28]

  • The tauren are a simple people, and as a result, their rites tend to not be particularly complex. They have no need for elaborate words or rare items in their ceremonies. What the good earth provides is almost always sufficient.[29]
  • Corn pollen is used in ceremonies that involve life, whereas the dust from cremated tauren is used in rituals of the dead.[29]
  • The tauren believe that the Earth Mother weaves the strands of fate.[30]
  • Darkness is not considered evil by the tauren, for it is a naturally occurring thing, and therefore right.[26]
  • Believed to be the ill omen of a coming age, white tauren are held in near reverence by their people, often becoming reclusive priests who wander the land in search of kindred spirits.[31]
  • Tauren legends abound regarding the great horned kodos of Kalimdor's Barrens. Some myths tell of rare kodos that are bound to the spirits of the sky and storm, thus allowing the colossal beasts to harness the powers of lightning itself.[7]
  • Sun rocs feature prominently in primitive tauren mythological cycles.[32]
  • Shu'halo ancient myth tells of three powerful artifacts — the Rattle of Bones, the Drums of War and the Writ of History. If the tales are to be believed, they were gifts from the Earth Mother herself.[33]
  • The tauren chieftains hold such sacred bonds with their Earthmother that they can actually be reincarnated after they die in combat. Though this ability is very rare, it makes the wise, benevolent chieftains a dangerous foe to threaten.[34]

Last rites[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

A tauren grave site.

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The tauren consider death to merely be the shadow of life, and hold that the ending of things is as natural as the birth of them.[29]

Despite now having a permanent home in Thunder Bluff, the tauren choose not bury their dead.[29][35] Rather, they prepare the body for its return to the elements and place it at one of their sacred grave sites.[35] Only the most valiant tauren are laid to rest at Red Rocks, the tauren's sacred burial ground. It is an honor bestowed upon the great warriors who helped found and defend Thunder Bluff and those who have given their lives for the greater good of their tribes and chieftains.[36]

When a tauren is cremated, it is done with ceremony and ritual. The body of the deceased is ritually bathed and wrapped in a ceremonial blanket before being placed atop a pyre, after which a fire is lit beneath them. The ashes are offered to the winds and rivers, to become one with Earth Mother and Sky Father. As the ashes fall to the earth and the smoke rises to the sky, both the Earth Mother and Sky Father welcome the honored dead, and An'she and Mu'sha witness their passing.[28] This death ritual speaks of the tauren's origins as nomads, and if their loved ones are freed to the wind and fire, they can wander in death as they did in life if they so choose.[29]

Once the proper rites have been performed, the spirits of the deceased join the Earth Mother to find peace,[37][35] and deceased tauren ancestors are welcomed at the "hearth of the ancestors".[38] It is believed that the spirits of dead tauren walk in the shadow of the Spirit of Life.[29]

The Dawnchaser tribe believes that honored ancestors who gave their own lives to save, or create, other lives become yeena'e ("those who herald the dawn" in Taur-ahe) — spirits who aid An'she in announcing the coming of dawn.[39]

The Feast of Winter Veil[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

The tauren and their shamanistic understanding of winter, along with their recent emergence into druidic endeavors, fit in well with the legend of Winter Veil. They focus almost entirely on the renewing aspects of the lore however, leaving legend worship to those races (as they view it) less in tune with the nature of things. Many tauren choose this time as the right time to give thanks for the blessings of their new home in Mulgore.[40] Some tauren disapprove of the modern Winter Veil celebrations, claiming that the goblins have "polluted" the true meaning of the holiday.[41]

Traditions[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Artwork of a tauren.
  • The totem poles of the tauren people represent a link to their past. The carvings provide a focus for shamanic arts or illustrate stories of famous events or heroic tales.[42]
  • Tauren villages use smoke signals to coordinate hunts over great distances, or, occasionally, to signal distress.[43]
  • One respectful greeting gesture of the tauren is to touch one's heart, then forehead.[44][45] A tauren salute is carried out by placing their hand on their chest, over their heart, and stamping on the ground.[13]
  • An ancient tauren custom at the beginning of peace talks is to share a ceremonial pipe among the participants. The pipe is filled with herbs, lit, and subsequently passed from person to person, with each individual being encouraged to think on what they hope to achieve with the meeting.[46] During one meeting with fellow Horde members, Baine Bloodhoof advocated the use of a speaking stick — a branch with feathers, beads, and bits of bone tied around it. Only the person holding the stick was allowed to speak.[47]
  • Young tauren perform the Rites of the Earthmother in order to become braves and gain the respect of elders in Thunder Bluff. These Rites consist of the following:
  • One ceremony apparently involves a tauren presenting themselves before the High Chieftain whilst wearing a special feathered headdress. At least one of their siblings is required to witness the ceremony.[49]

It is likely that each tribe has their own unique traditions, as the Dawnchaser tribe is known to have customs rarely found in other tribes.[39]

Cuisine[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

The shu'halo use pine nuts in most dishes: meat, fish, vegetables, even baked into breads or sprinkled over sweet pastries. The very best pine nuts come from the trees upon the very mesas of Thunder Bluff.[50] The fine and noble spice bread of Thunder Bluff is traded in countless settlements in the most far-away lands, even by the tauren's staunchest foes.[51] One of Thunder Bluff's most important staples is cornmeal; bowls of corn may be found in nearly every home,[52] and cornmeal biscuits, once merely a staple food among the tauren tribes in Mulgore, have traveled along various trade routes and are now enjoyed in many regions across Azeroth.[53] One of the great delicacies of Mulgore is the crayfish that dwell in lakes and streams. They are particularly popular during weddings or the celebration of a birth.[54]

When the Alliance allied with the Grimtotem tribe in Stonetalon Mountains, Force Commander Valen asked "Cookie" McWeaksauce to cook up the finest of tauren cuisine; an offering no tauren, "not even a grim tauren", could refuse.[55] It consisted of eagle eggs, ram meat and a special cheese kept by the local kobolds.[56]

Thunder Bluff Marzipan is a traditional tauren Hallow's End treat.[57]

Montures et animaux de compagnie[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Kuatha Mornhoof, a tauren paladin riding a kodo.

The kodos are the racial mount of the tauren. Swifter and slightly smaller than their wild cousins, kodo mounts nevertheless demonstrate the same resilience and fearlessness found in their untamed brethren, traits that serve them well when bearing their equally resolute riders.[58] When the tauren settled in Mulgore, they also brought the kodos with them.[59] Many kodos hold a special bond with the benevolent tauren race.Modèle:Fact

Like rest of the Horde in Kalimdor, the tauren use wyverns, which they consider sacred,[60] as their flying mounts.

Brown Prairie Dogs are their racial pets.

Equipements[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Stub.png Cette partie est une ébauche et reste à compléter.
Tauren halberds are used by tauren chieftains.[9]

Langue et noms[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Tauren speak taur-ahe and orcish.

Here follows a sampling of tauren names taken from World of Warcraft and the World of Warcraft Trading Card Game.

  • Sample male names: Motah, Ahul, Varg, Dezco, Turak, Helaku, Hurnahet, Torwa, Huum
  • Sample female names: Tamaala, Winnoa, Chepi, Hahrana, Kamu, Torra, Jyn, Isashi, Tawn
  • Sample last names: Ragetotem, Huntsworn, Lighthoof, Hawkseye, Dawnchaser, Thunderhorn, Winterbluff

The Dawnchaser tribe have a rare tradition of giving their newborn "weaning names" until they are old enough to receive a true name.[39]

Apparence[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Un tauren dansant.

Les taurens sont décrits comme mi-bovin[61] et sont connus pour avoir une large stature, une longue queue, des sabots à la place des pieds et uniquement trois doigts par main. Les mâles et les femelles possèdent des cornes de taille et formes variées.[62] Les Taurens sont une race majoritairement diurne.[28] Le corps des taurens est couvent d'une fine fourrure avec des couleurs variant du noir au gris au blanc et du roux au marron et de nombreuses combinaisons de couleurs sont observables. Quand les taurens vieillissent, leur fourrure devient ponctuées de taches grises.[63] Durant l'été, les taurens utilisent leurs oreilles et leur queue pour éloigner les mouches. Les taurens ont une meilleure vision nocturne que les humains.[64]

Taille[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

D'après le manuel de jeu World of Warcraft: The Burning Crusade, les femelles taurens font 1,98 m (6,5 pieds) et les mâles 2,43 m (8 pieds).[65] Cependant, d'après la bible interne de Blizzard, les femelles font 2,74 m (9 pieds) et les mâles 3,04 m (10 pieds) en moyenne.[66][67] Il se pourrait que les modèles en jeu soient plus petits du fait de limitation pour le jeu. En effet, même avec des modèles plus petits, les taurnes peuvent avoir des difficultés à passer dans des ouvertures où les autres races peuvent passer.

Taurens notables[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Nom Rôle Affiliation Statut Localisation
Horde IconSmall Cairne.gif Cairne Sabot-de-Sang Ancien chef de tribu Sabot-de-Sang et dirigeant de l'union des tribus taurènes Horde, Pitons-du-tonnerre, Tribu Sabot-de-Sang Décédé Incinéré aux Rochers Rouges à Mulgore
Horde IconSmall Baine.gif Baine Sabot-de-Sang Chef actuel de la tribu Sabot-de-Sang et grand chef des taurens Horde, Pitons-du-tonnerre, Tribu Sabot-de-Sang Vivant Variées
Neutre IconSmall Magatha.gif Magatha Totem-Sinistre Chef de la tribu Totem-Sinistre Tribu Totem-Sinistre Vivante Inconnue
Horde IconSmall Hamuul.gif Hamuul Totem-Runique Archi-druide des taurens et étudiant Malfurion Hurlorage Pitons-du-tonnerre, Cercle Cénarien Vivant Variées
Neutre IconSmall Highmountain Male.gif Huln Haut-Roc Dirigeant des tribus taurènes durant la Guerre des Anciens Résistance Kaldorei, Tribu Haut-Roc Decédé Inconnue
Horde IconSmall Tauren Female.gif Aponi Crin-Brillant Dirigeante des Marche-Soleil Pitons-du-tonnerre, Marche-Soleil Vivante Variées
Horde IconSmall Tauren Male.gif Tahu Vent-de-Sagesse Créateurs des prophètes Pitons-du-tonnerre, Prophètes Vivant Variées
Neutre IconSmall Muln.gif Muln Rageterre Ancien dirigeant du Cercle Terrestre Cercle Terrestre Vivant Variées

Tribus taurens et organisations[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Stub.png Cette partie est une ébauche et reste à compléter.

Tribus/Clans[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Note: These may not all represent tribes, but only special names given later in life or surnames.

Organizations[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Golas Swiftwind, a tauren shaman.

Tauren are found as members in a multitude of independent organizations, most notably the Cenarion Circle and the Twilight's Hammer cult. Some individuals are adventuring explorers such as Trag Highmountain (who was one of the first tauren to appear in Lordaeron and the Eastern Kingdoms) and the ancient Watcher Xarantaur, who is assisting the bronze dragonflight. Over the years, some pirates had journeyed to Kalimdor and recruited or impressed various tauren into their crews,[71] and shu'halo pirates can be found as members of the Blackwater Raiders, Bloodsail Buccaneers, Northsea Freebooters and the Dread Crew, just to name a few. As such, these criminal tauren were among the first to appear in the Eastern Kingdoms, and some even call Rustberg Village of Tol Barad home, becoming fishermen. A sole tauren was also a member of the infamous Defias Brotherhood.

Relations avec les autres[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Stub.png Cette partie est une ébauche et reste à compléter.

Horde[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

"The world is torn, and our Horde allies have turned down dark paths. We must guide them. Even in the darkest hour, we will bravely hold our heads high, and honor the Earth Mother in all we do."[72]
Baine Bloodhoof

The tauren remain stalwart allies of the Horde, even after Cairne's death. The Grimtotem tribe, is, in fact, the only tribe to have never formally joined the Horde.[73] When a great drought struck Horde-controlled lands in Kalimdor and quilboar raids became frequent, Garrosh demanded that the tauren deliver water from Mulgore to Durotar. The Farwanderers tribe, who were not used to remaining static, disapproved of Garrosh's rule and Baine's passive obedience at the Warchief's every command, and so considered leaving Mulgore. However, they were eventually convinced to remain in Mulgore, and the Horde, after Baine dealt with the quilboar problem.[74]

Following the destruction of Camp Taurajo, a group of tauren were unsatisfied with Baine's rule, and so the High Chieftain banished them from Thunder Bluff but did not take further action. Despite this, the tauren tribes retain respect for their High Chieftain.[75]

The Forsaken

When Sylvanas Windrunner sent out emissaries to various factions in order to protect her budding nation, the Forsaken, the kind-hearted tauren of Thunder Bluff proved to be the most promising contact. Specifically, Archdruid Hamuul Runetotem saw the potential for redemption in Sylvanas' people, even though he was fully aware of the Forsaken's sinister nature. Thus, the tauren convinced Warchief Thrall, despite his misgivings, to forge an alliance of convenience between the Forsaken and the Horde.[76] There are some tauren, such as the Elder Council, that wish to cure the Forsaken,[77] and Bena Winterhoof, who wept when first seeing the undead, claims that she was given a mission by the Earth Mother herself to save their new undead allies from their curse.[78] Magatha Grimtotem herself was one of the original proponents of the alliance between the tauren and the Forsaken, and she, more than anyone among the elders, felt the tauren and their ways could help the Forsaken find a path back to being human.[79] She claimed that to heal the land, the tauren had to first remove the disease upon it. She pointed out that the Forsaken know much of disease, and claimed that by aiding one another, the trust between the two peoples would be strengthened.[80]

Alliance[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

The smoldering Ruins of Taurajo in the Southern Barrens.

The tauren are not as hostile to the Alliance as some of the other races that comprise the Horde,[81] though many Alliance members consider them to be little more than beasts.[82] Varian Wrynn notes that the tauren are the only Horde race that do not make him want to immediately reach for his weapon, but they, too, have made themselves untrustworthy by siding with the orcs.[83]

Tauren have poor relations with the dwarves of Ironforge, as the dwarves' constant digging in the earth has caused them to come into conflict with the tauren. The tauren see their digging as scarring the Earth Mother, and that the dwarves are hollowing and defiling the land.[84][85][86] The Stonespire tribe of tauren were nearly wiped out by the dwarves of Bael'dun Keep, and as a result Gann Stonespire, one of the few survivors, severed all ties with the Horde and went rogue to exact vengeance or die trying.[16] The tauren don't seem to get along well with the Wildhammer clan, either, as it was their gryphon riders that firebombed Camp Taurajo.[87] Roon Wildmane and Hemet Nesingwary is one of the few cases of friendship despite the enmity between the two races.[88]

Of all the Alliance races, the night elves are the ones with the best relations to the tauren, due to their shared druidic tradition and connection to nature. Arch Druid Hamuul Runetotem strives for diplomacy and willingly works side by side with the night elf druids in the Cenarion Circle.[89] The tauren have shown an incredible propensity to the tenets of Cenarius, and by their proxy the Horde is welcomed within the safety of Moonglade. The preservation of Azeroth is a common goal that the two races both share.[90] One notable example of close friendship between shu'halo and kaldorei is that of Tholo Whitehoof and Anren Shadowseeker. However, despite the bond between the two races, there are some tauren who believe that the night elves' pride still limits their sight.[91] Prior to the War of the Shifting Sands, the night elves and the tauren had apparently been involved in a blood feud dating back centuries.[92] Some of the kaldorei during the War of the Ancients, such as Desdel Stareye, also seemed to regard the tauren who came to their aid as barbaric and uncivilized in nature, although this attitude seems to have considerably lessened over the millennia.

The Grimtotem tribe, after being driven from Mulgore, briefly allied with the Alliance in the Stonetalon Mountains,[93] but the pact was broken shortly afterwards.

Les Totem-Sinistre[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

"Some see our people as gentle giants, or noble savages. They have never seen us fight against our own kind... against betrayers from within.
The Grimtotem were offered mercy in exile, and they have scarred their own home to spite us. They will no longer be tolerated in Mulgore."
[94]
Baine Bloodhoof

The Grimtotem tribe stand as an aggressive extreme of the usually pacifistic tauren, wishing to eradicate the "lesser races" from Kalimdor and to retake the tauren's long lost ancestral holdings.[95] Even before their exile, the Grimtotem showed open hostility towards the other tribes, going so far as to attack the settlement of Freewind Post and almost eradicate an entire village in Stonetalon.[96]

After the battle for Thunder Bluff and the exile of the treacherous Grimtotem, they sought to ruin Mulgore itself as they were driven out, sending a force led by Orno Grimtotem through the Stonetalon Pass and poisoning several sacred tauren water wells throughout Mulgore.

Les autres[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

The centaur
A centaur fighting a tauren.

Tauren and centaur tribes have long feuded with each other over the lands that the two nomadic races shared. The centaur are known for their brutality and savagery, but support from the Horde has turned the conflict in the tauren's favor, allowing them not only to survive but also to prosper.[97] The barbaric centaur over-hunted giraffes for decades, but it was the tauren who saved them from extinction.[98] The tauren claim that the centaur have always existed to scourge the land,[9] even though the shu'halo were actually indirectly responsible for the centaur's creation by awakening Theradras.[6]

Despite this, friendship between a tauren and a centaur can be made as seen with Ironhoof and Dorthar.[99]

The quilboar

The vicious, boar-like quilboar have long clashed with both the centaur and the tauren over land and food.[100] One tauren group inhabited the southern parts of the Barrens for decades and considered the land to be holy, but they were driven off by the quilboar. While some tauren were able to forgive being driven from their ancestral lands, others, such as Auld Stonespire, were not and considered the quilboar's actions to be a sin worthy of the most severe revenge.[101]

The Bristleback tribe have long been at war with the tauren of Red Cloud Mesa, ambushing hunting parties and stealing from the village by dark.[102] For years they encroached on Camp Narache, and the great Cataclysm finally drove them from their dens to spread like locusts across the land.[103] Chief Squealer Thornmantle set upon Greatmother Hawkwind and took her life.[104] The thorncallers began calling up great roots to choke out all other life in the mesa,[105] and the Bristlebacks began training wild boars to be used against the tauren.[106] A band of Bristleback quilboar also began ravaging the Red Rocks, the holy burial ground of the tauren.[36]

Due to a drought that struck Central Kalimdor shortly after the Shattering, a group of quilboar began raiding Horde caravans and water shipments. Though Warchief Garrosh and his Kor'kron tried to put an end to the quilboar with force, it was Baine and Hamuul who resolved the conflict by creating a new river for the quilboar to take their water from.[74]

Although centaur, tauren, and quilboar all hate each other, the three races come together to do trade at Flayers' Point in Desolace. But there is no love lost between them, and brawls erupt like clockwork every five minutes, earning the trading post the nickname "Slayers' Point".[45]

The harpies

Harpies have clashed with the tauren on several occasions. During the Third War, a group of harpies from the Stonetalon Mountains started poaching the tauren's precious kodo herds, slaughtering them mercilessly and leaving the beasts to rot in the sun. The threat was only dealt with once Rexxar set out to kill the witches.[59] The Windfury harpies are one of the tauren's natural enemies in Mulgore,[107] and the shu'halo collect their feathers for ceremonial headdresses.[49] The tauren take pride as the protector of the Stonetalon Mountains, which unsurprisingly caused them to come into conflict with the nearby Bloodfury harpies.[108]

The furbolgs

The furbolgs formed positive relations with the tauren after the War of the Ancients.[109]

Espèces proches[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Yaungol[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Article détaillé: Yaungol

Though previously indicated to be an ancient offshoot of the tauren subspecies, the yaungol are actually the ancestors of both the tauren and the taunka. Unlike the two offshoot groups, the yaungol remained in the land later known as Pandaria, even after the Great Sundering separated them from their northern cousins. As a result of living in the harsh Townlong Steppes, a land they are forced to share with the dreaded mantid, the yaungol are a much more violent species than their tauren or taunka descendants, using oil and fire to succeed in battle. They were introduced in World of Warcraft: Mists of Pandaria.

Taunka[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Article détaillé: Taunka

An ancient offshoot of the yaungol species dwelling in Northrend, the taunka were thought to have been lost forever but were rediscovered by orcish forces based in Warsong Hold. Due to dwelling in the unforgiving frozen wastes of Northrend, the taunka have taken to commanding the elements by force rather than asking them for aid. However, much like the tauren, the taunka have chosen to ally themselves with the Horde. They were introduced in World of Warcraft: Wrath of the Lich King.

Tauren de Haut-Roc[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

Article détaillé: Tauren de Haut-Roc

Direct descendants of the tauren led by Huln Highmountain who fought in the War of the Ancients, the Highmountain tauren have lived in peace in the region of Highmountain on the Broken Isles for millenia, until the shamanistic drogbar rose up and stole the Hammer of Khaz'goroth, shattering their unity. They were introduced in World of Warcraft: Legion.

Notes et autres[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

  • Brann Bronzebeard once theorized that the tauren predated the titans' arrival on Azeroth and therefore also the creation of the first Well of Eternity, just like the trolls.[3] This was proven wrong in Chronicle Volume 1, as the tauren actually evolved from yaungol who were affected by energies emanating from the Well. However, Brann's theorized bull Ancient may still have created the yaungol.
  • Tauren hooves are a secret ingredient used by confectioners.[110]
  • Occasionally, some Darkspear trolls travel to Thunder Bluff to live with the tauren and adopt their ways. Chen Stormstout refers to these trolls as "blue tauren".[111]
  • The tauren are based upon the Minotaur, a part man, part bull monster from Greek mythology, and the tauren were originally referred to as minotaurs during the early stages of development for Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos. The name "Minotaur" is either derived from Ancient Greek ταῦρος/taûros or Latin taurus, both meaning "bull". (See the article about myth references for more information.)
  • The tauren were originally planned to be their own faction in Warcraft III but were later incorporated into the Horde.[112][113]
  • While she was located at Light's Hope Chapel and arguing with Eligor Dawnbringer, Scarlet Commander Marjhan disdainfully referred to the tauren as bull-men.
  • The tauren culture is based on a conglomeration of Native American tribes from the Southwest, Northwest, and Great Plains regions of the United States and Canada.
  • The word "tauren" is an anagram of "nature", though whether this was intentional is unknown.


Galerie[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

World of Warcraft
Cinématiques
Autres

Références[modifier | modifier le wikicode]

  1. Mists of Dawn
  2. 2,0 et 2,1 Modèle:Ref WoWCV3
  3. 3,0 et 3,1 World of Warcraft: The Magazine Volume 2 Issue 1, Ancients and others lineage chart
  4. World of Warcraft: Chronicle Volume 1, pg. 90
  5. Huln's War - The Nathrezim
  6. 6,0, 6,1 et 6,2 World of Warcraft: Chronicle Volume 1, pg. 144-145
  7. 7,0, 7,1 et 7,2 Races of World of Warcraft — Tauren
  8. Shaman, prologue
  9. 9,0, 9,1 et 9,2 Warcraft III: Reign of Chaos Game Manual
  10. A Ring Unbroken
  11. World of Warcraft: Annual 2015
  12. Ultimate Visual Guide, pg. 113
  13. 13,0 et 13,1 Before the Storm, chapter 3
  14. Ultimate Visual Guide, pg. 128
  15. 15,0 et 15,1 Ultimate Visual Guide, pg. 130
  16. 16,0 et 16,1 Tauren Vengeance
  17. World of Warcraft: Game Manual
  18. The Hunter's Way
  19. Steelsnap (quest)
  20. Etched Note (quest)
  21. Gazelle Fawn
  22. Etched Note
  23. Simple Note
  24. Simple Note (quest)
  25. Thrall: Twilight of the Aspects, chapter 22
  26. 26,0 et 26,1 The Shattering: Prelude to Cataclysm, pg. 552
  27. Conversation between Tahu Sagewind and Aponi Brightmane
  28. 28,0, 28,1 et 28,2 The Shattering: Prelude to Cataclysm, page 207, 317
  29. 29,0, 29,1, 29,2, 29,3, 29,4 et 29,5 War Crimes, chapter 3
  30. The Long March: "Legends say that [the Oracle] saw the strands of fate as they were woven by the Earth Mother. It alone can show you your destiny."
  31. Warcraft III: The Frozen Throne Game Manual
  32. Roc Talon
  33. The Writ of History (quest)
  34. Warcraft III manual, pg. 24
  35. 35,0, 35,1 et 35,2 Honoring the Dead
  36. 36,0 et 36,1 A Sacred Burial
  37. Erreur de référence : Balise <ref> incorrecte ; aucun texte n’a été fourni pour les références nommées LastRitesFirstRites
  38. The Fallen Chieftain
  39. 39,0, 39,1 et 39,2 Bleeding Sun
  40. The Feast of Winter Veil
  41. The Reason for the Season
  42. Ultimate Visual Guide, pg. 127
  43. Signals in the Sky
  44. The Shattering: Prelude to Cataclysm, pg. 265
  45. 45,0 et 45,1 Traveler, chapter 5
  46. The Shattering: Prelude to Cataclysm, chapter 20
  47. Jaina Proudmoore: Tides of War, chapter 11
  48. Rites of the Earthmother (3)
  49. 49,0 et 49,1 Preparation for Ceremony
  50. Pining for Nuts
  51. Mulgore Spice Bread (quest)
  52. Corn Mash
  53. World of Warcraft: The Official Cookbook
  54. Craving Crayfish
  55. Death by Proxy
  56. A Proper Peace Offerin'
  57. Thunder Bluff Marzipan
  58. http://www.worldofwarcraft.com/info/basics/mounts/kodos.html (Dead link)
  59. 59,0 et 59,1 Old Hatreds
  60. The Turd Problem
  61. Rise of the Horde, chapter 2
  62. World of Warcraft: Official Beginner's Guide, pg. 45
  63. The Shattering: Prelude to Cataclysm, pg. 211
  64. Jaina Proudmoore: Tides of War, chapter 6
  65. File:WoW Manual - height chart.png
  66. Sean Copeland on Twitter (2014-04-24)
  67. Sean Copeland on Twitter (2014-04-25)
  68. Traveler, chapter 3
  69. Morin Cloudstalker#Quotes
  70. Blind Them! (Alliance)
  71. Ask CDev Answers - Round 3
  72. Walk With The Earth Mother
  73. The Shattering: Prelude to Cataclysm, pg. 41
  74. 74,0 et 74,1 As Our Fathers Before Us
  75. Jaina Proudmoore: Tides of War, chapter 2
  76. Races of World of Warcraft — Undead
  77. Compendium of the Fallen (original)
  78. Bena Winterhoof#Quote
  79. Delivery to Magatha
  80. Forsaken Aid
  81. The Shattering: Prelude to Cataclysm, chapter 24
  82. The Shattering: Prelude to Cataclysm, chapter 27
  83. Stormrage, chapter 10
  84. Gann's Reclamation (quest)
  85. Dwarven Digging
  86. The Restless Earth
  87. Flightmare
  88. Hunting in Stranglethorn
  89. Ultimate Visual Guide, pg. 129
  90. Rabine Saturna (Horde)
  91. Verdant Note (quest)
  92. The War of the Shifting Sands
  93. Downfall (quest)
  94. War Dance
  95. World of Warcraft manual, pg. 184
  96. Avenge My Village
  97. Ultimate Visual Guide, pg. 126
  98. Giraffe Calf
  99. Bloodsworn
  100. Ultimate Visual Guide, pg. 179
  101. A Vengeful Fate
  102. Rite of Strength
  103. The First Step (Mulgore)
  104. Rite of Honor
  105. Stop the Thorncallers
  106. The Battleboars (2)
  107. Dangers of the Windfury
  108. Harpies Threaten
  109. Ultimate Visual Guide, pg. 183
  110. Tauren Hoof
  111. Vol'jin: Shadows of the Horde, pg. 36, 100
  112. Game Informer #308: Reforging Real-time Strategy, pg. 57
  113. Game Informer 2018-11-08. GI Show – Warcraft III, Diablo Immortal, Red Dead Developer Roundtable (30:55). YouTube. Retrieved on 2019-05-10.